Glossary

Glossary

Ai
Harmony
Ai hanmi
Both partners have the same foot forward (both left feet or both right feet). If grabbing, it is a cross hand grab, since the grab crosses the center of the body. Opposite of Gyaku hanmi.
Aikido
The way of unified energy
Arigato
Thanks
Arigato gozaimasu
Thanks for something going on
Arigato gozaimashita
Thanks for something completed; most polite way of saying thanks
Ashi
Foot
Atemi
Defensive blow to cause Uke to loose balance
Bokken
Wooden practice sword
Budo
The Japanese martial way
Bushido
The way of the warrior
Chikara
Strength
Chudan
Middle compared with jodan and gedan
Do
Way or path
Dojo
A place to train or practice. Practice Hall.
Dozo
Please
Futari dori
two attackers, nage is held by two attackers
Gedan
Low, compare with jodan and chudan
Gi
Uniform for Aikido practice, shortened from dogi
Go
Five
Gokyo
Fifth pinning technique
Gomen nasai
I am sorry
Gyaku
Opposite. Gyaku Hanmi means one person’s left foot/hand and the other person’s right foot/hand are forward. Opposite of Ai Hanmi.
Hachi
Eight
Hai
I agree; yes
Hajime
Begin
Hakama
A divided pant-like skirt worn by black belt holders of both genders and may be worn by women of all ranks, particularly as the women start testing
Hanmi
Basic standing position
Ai hanmi
Partners have the same foot forward (both left feet or both right feet)
Gyaku hanmi
Partners have opposite feet forward (one left, one right)
Migi hanmi
Right foot forward
Hidari hanmi
Left foot forward
Hanmi Handachi
Defender seated and attacker standing
Hantai
Opposite
Happo
Eight directions
Henka waza
Varied technique. Especially beginning one technique and changing to another in mid-execution
Hidari
Left
Hiji
Elbow
Ichi
One
Iie
No
Ikkyo
First pinning technique
Irimi
Step off the line of attack, and behind Uke
Jo
Short staff about shoulder high in length
Jo Tori
A jo technique where you take the jo away from the attacker
Jodan
High, compare with chudan and gedan
Ju
Ten
Juji nage
Crossed arms throw; partner’s arms are crossed at right angles
Jiyuwaza
Free style technique, generally with multiple attackers
Kaeshi-waza
A reversal, where the original attacker is the one who is finally thrown or pinned
Kaiten
Sort of a half Tenkan, where you slide forward and pivot, without bringing your new front foot behind you.
Kaitennage
Rotation throw or wheel throw
Kamae
Basic defense standing position
Kanji
Japanese written characters
Kata
Shoulder
Kata
Predetermined sequence of movements used for learning techniques
Katate
One hand grab

 

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Koshi
Hip, back. Koshi nage is a hip throw.
Kotegaeshi
Wrist turn or twist
Ki
Energy
Kohai
A student who started practice after you, a more junior student. Opposite of sempei.
Kokyu
Centering with controlled breathing
Kokyu dosa
An exercise to develop your ki/breath power without using strength, often done in a kneeling position
Kokyunage
Breath Throw. A cover-all term used to refer to a series of blending techniques with no common mechanical similarities and also for more unusual techniques without commonly accepted names.
Ku
Nine
Kumijo
Staff (Jo) partnership practice, generally a kata
Maai
Distance between partners
Mae
Move to the front; move forward
Migi
Right
Mokuso
To meditate
Morotetori
Both; two-hand grab to one of nage’s wrists
Nage
Partner leading the movement of the technique
Nana
Seven; also shichi
Ni
Two
Nikkyo
Second pinning technique
Omote
Move forward
Onegai shimasu
Please practice with me
Rei
Bow
Reigi
Proper dojo etiquette
Ritsurei
Standing bow
Roku
Six
Ryo
Both (hands or wrists)
San
Three
Sankyu
Third pinning technique
Shichi
Seven
Seiza
Kneeling seated position
Sempai
Senior student who started practice before you. Opposite of Kohai
Sensei
Teacher or instructor
Shi
Four
Shihan
Honorary title awarded to some of the highest ranking teachers; master teacher
Shihonage
Four directions throw. Generally nage has both hands on opposite sides of one of uke’s wrists, raises that writs and turns underneath it to do the throw.
Shikko
Knee walking
Shomen
Front of the dojo where the picture of O’Sensei is
Shomen uchi
Forward strike straight down on the head. Based on a sword (bokken) strike coming straight down from above.
Soto
Out or outside, movement outside of Uke’s arm
Suwari waza
Techniques done with both Nage and Uke in a kneeling position
Tanto
Wooden practice knife
Tanto dori
A knife technique where nage takes the knife away from the attacker who started with the knife
Te
Hand
Tekubi
Wrist
Tenkan
Turning movement, where you slide forward on your front foot, pivot, and then move your new front foot backward behind you.
Tenchi
Heaven and earth
Tenshin
Stepping backwards off the line of attack
Tsuki
Punch to the belt or chest. This is based on a knife strike forward.
Uchi
Inside movement, inside or under Uke’s arm
Ude Kime
A throw that uses an elbow bar to throw an opponent. Typically, nage comes up under uke’s arm in the elbow area and throws forward.
Uke
Partner following the movement of the technique. Generally uke is thrown or pinned
Ukemi
Falling
Ura
Move to the back
Ushiro
From behind
Ushiro Kubishime
Attacking from behind, grabbing one hand and performing a single collar choke with the other hand.
Ushiro Ryokata-tori
Double shoulder grab from behind.
Ushiro Ryokatate-tori
Two handed grab of the wrists from behind. Two hands grabbing two wrists from behind.
Yame
To end
Yokomen uchi
Diagonal strike to the side of the head
Yonkyo
Fourth pinning technique
Zanshin
Unbroken concentration, the “follow through” of a technique
Zarei
Seated bow

One of many sites you can check for additional definitions is: http://www.stenudd.com/aikido/aikido-glossary.htm

Aikido practice in Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota